Louis de France (1661-1711) Le Grand Dauphin, 1697 von Hyacinthe Francois Rigaud als Kunstdruck kaufen. Louis war das einzige legitim geborene Kind Ludwigs XIV., welches das Erwachsenenalter erreichte. Collectif, Le Grand Dauphin, Fils de Louis XIV, Seigneur de Meudon, Éditions APAM (Association Publications Amis de Meudon), 2011. They were married by proxy in Munich on 28 January 1680; the couple met for the first time on 7 March 1680 in Châlons-sur-Marne. He married (1680) Marie-Anne-Christine-Victoire of Bavaria (d. 1690) and had three sons: Louis, duc de Bourgogne (1682–1712), who himself was dauphin for two years (1711–12) and was the father of Louis XV; Philippe, duc d’Anjou (1683–1746), who became King Philip V of Spain; and Charles, duc de Berry (1686–1714). Louis was one of six legitimate children of his parents. That means that he had only four great grandparents instead of the usual eight, and that his parents had the same coefficient of coancestry (1/8) as if they were half-siblings. 30 x 38 cm. He grieved intensely at the loss of his wife, but his responsibility to provide for the succession to the French crown required he marry again quickly. She was known in France as Dauphine Marie Anne Victoire. I shall not compliment you because you are brave. The latter was Louis's great-aunt. Nonetheless, his generosity, affability, and liberality gave him great popularity in Paris and with the French people in general. Louis de France, born on 1 November in 1661, was the first-born son of Louis XIV and Marie-Thérèse d’Autriche and the only of their children to reach adulthood. He appeared in the eyes of his sisters as the ideal of the Christian prince, in sharp contrast with their father, who was a notorious womanizer. He was baptised on 24 March 1662 at the chapel of the Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye and given his father's name of Louis. This rash action, which could have resulted in the deaths of both Louis and his father, resulted in a permanent change in the relations between father and son. By the age of eighteen, Monseigneur had assimilated almost none of the knowledge amassed to so little purpose, and the apathy of his mind was second only to that of his senses.. ", This page was last edited on 23 October 2020, at 23:02. The marriage contract was signed 13 December 1744 and the marriage was celebrated by proxy at Madrid 18 December 1744 and in person at Versailles 23 February 1745. Although the marriage was not a close one, the couple had three sons. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Louis,_Dauphin_of_France_(son_of_Louis_XV)&oldid=7051255, Pages using infobox royalty with unknown parameters, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. Heir of a King, but never King himself, yet father of a King. Marie Zéphyrine of France (26 August 1750 - 1 September 1755) died in young. Nonetheless, she was a very cultured princess, and made initially a good impression upon her arrival as she was able to speak French fluently. Anne Louise de Bourbon (1695 – August 1716) – wife of Anne Errard d'Avaugour; Charlotte de Fleury (6 February 1697 – 1750) – wife of Gérard Michel de La Jonchère. A second marriage ceremony took place in person at Versailles on 9 February 1747. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Louis's birth secured the throne and his mother's position at court, which previously had been precarious due to her giving birth to three daughters in a row before the birth of the Dauphin. Louis was only 16 years old. He was initially under the care of royal governesses, among them being Julie d'Angennes and Louise de Prie de La Mothe-Houdancourt. As a Fils de France ("Son of France") he was entitled to the style of Royal Highness. As a son of the king, Louis was a fils de France. The others all died in early childhood; the second longest-lived, Marie Thérèse of France, died at the age of five when Louis was 11. Wir fertigen Ihr Gemälde genau nach Ihren Wünschen. Until then, Louis XV had doted on his son, but now the relationship was more distant. Nachdem sie 1690 gestorben war, heiratete er heimlich seine Mätresse Mademoiselle de Choin. Louis de France, le Grand Dauphin (1661-1711), detail of family portrait by Pierre Mignard Portrait of Louis de France, the Grand Dauphin, as a boy, 1668-70 etching and engraving. These three made up the main part of the Cabal de Meudon which opposed the Dauphin's son Louis and his Savoyard wife, the Duchess of Burgundy. When he was seven years old, the Duke of Châtillon was named his governor, the Count of Muy was named under-governor, and Jean-François Boyer, formerly bishop of Mirepoix, was named preceptor.
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