Un archet dont le crin est coincé entre les cordes est utilisé pour faire vibrer celles-ci. The Erhu is almost always tuned to the interval of a fifth. Some Erhus are made of recycled products. Brand New Erhu Instrument Chinese Violin Fiddle Huqin W/ Accessories. Le Erhu, ou « violon chinois », a été inventé il y a plus de mille ans. Erhu, a kind of bowed instrument, is the most representative one in the Chinese traditional folk musical instrument. Standard Erhu and Bass Erhu … Très populaire en Chine, il est le principal instrument de musique des orchestres traditionnels et l’un des quatre grands instruments de l’opéra chinois. Après la fondation de la Chine nouvelle, la fabrication du erhu, l'art de son exécution et l'éducation musicale de cet instrument se sont rapidement développés. A l'extrémité de la tige, la tête est recourbée et on y trouve les chevilles de réglage. An alternate explanation states that it comes from the fact that it is the second highest huqin in pitch to the gaohu in the modern Chinese orchestra. The move to steel strings was made gradually. Particularly fine Erhus are often made from pieces of old furniture. Other solo pieces include Er Quan Ying Yue (1950, Two Springs Reflecting the Moon) by Abing, Sai Ma (Horse Race) by Huang Haihuai, Henan Xiaoqu (Henan Folk Tune) by Liu Mingyuan, and Sanmenxia Changxiangqu (1961, Sanmen Gorge Capriccio) by Liu Wenjin. ", Learn how and when to remove this template message, Along the River During the Qingming Festival, massively multiplayer online role-playing game, "Erhu – Chinese violin / fiddle with two strings – and Erhu music (audio & video demo)", "Erhu master Min Huifen leaves musical legacy spanning half a century", https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p4aOmJgUbM4, https://open.spotify.com/episode/4oQA5HfTIlkiMAOMY5KnYK, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Erhu&oldid=981479518, Articles needing additional references from May 2017, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2014, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from June 2012, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz instrument identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Terence Michael Liu (1988). The Erhu can be traced back to proto-Mongolic instruments which first appeared in China during the Tang Dynasty. For many years, he taught at the China Conservatory of Music in Beijing. Important performers during this time include Lu Xiutang (陆修堂; 1911–1966), Zhang Rui (张锐; born 1920), Sun Wenming (孙文明; 1928–1962), Huang Haihuai (黄海怀), Liu Mingyuan (刘明源; 1931–1996), Tang Liangde (汤良德; 1938–2010), Zhang Shao (张韶) and Song Guosheng (宋国生). An instrumental album by Erhu artist Song Fei (宋飞; Song Fei) expresses the painting Along the River During the Qingming Festival (清明上河图; Qīngmíng Shànghé Tú) drawn in the Song Dynasty by Zhang Zeduan (张择端; Zhang Zeduan). She studied with Lu Xiutang and Wang Yi, and graduated from the Shanghai Conservatory of Music in 1968, and became the Erhu soloist with the Shanghai Minzu Yuetuan (Shanghai Folk Orchestra). L’erhu est composé d'une caisse de résonance en bois ouverte au dos et recouverte d'une peau de serpent sur sa face avant. Historic bowed zithers of China, including the Xiqin, Yazheng, and Yaqin, and also the Korean Ajaeng, were originally played by bowing with a rosined stick, which created friction against the strings. Individuals are allowed to take up to two Erhus out of China when traveling; commercial buyers need additional export certificates. Il existe maintenant aussi des morceaux entiers pour erhu seul, des concertos classiques et des pièces de musique de chambre. He won the "Shanghai's Spring" Erhu competition and continued to be the soloist for the Chinese Film Orchestra in Beijing, his composition and solos can be heard throughout the Nixon to China documentary movie. On peut faire varier la tension de ce crin en l'écartant avec les quatre doigts de la main et en prenant appui sur l'extrémité de l'archet avec le pouce. Un manche en bois orné de deux grosses chevilles à l'arrière sort verticalement du dessus de la caisse. It likely came to China … Its characteristic sound is produced through the vibration of the python skin by bowing. Il a probablement pour ancêtre un instrument d'Asie centrale ou de Mongolie. Récemment, durant le XXe siècle, les styles et les possibilités de jeu ont été diversifiés. It is incorporated in the Taiwanese black metal band ChthoniC and used in the song "Field Below" by Regina Spektor. The erhu bow is placed between its two strings namely the inner and outer strings. This is the erhu (“are-who”), one of China’s most important instruments. Landtom Professional Erhu Bow, Chinese Violin Bow，Fullfilled by Amazon. Il a 76 cm de long et est fabriqué de roseau que l'on courbe lors de la cuisson. In smaller orchestras, there are usually two to six Erhus; in larger ones there are ten to twelve. Wang also worked with the Beijing National Instruments Factory to further develop Erhu design.  To regulate the use of python skins, China's State Forestry Administration introduced a certification scheme between python skin sellers in Southeast Asia and musical instrument makers in China. Although most Erhu were machine-made in production lines, the highest quality instruments were handmade by specialist craftsmen. The xiqin is believed to have originated from the Xi people located in current northeast China. By 1958 professional players were using purpose made D and A steel Erhu strings as standard.. Besides, it can imitate many natural sounds, such as bird and horse. Nine Inch Nails bandmember Joshua Eustis has been seen playing an Erhu while on tour, during the song "Disappointed". Such exports are legal as they have been made from legal skin sources. The erhu is often described as a Chinese fiddle, in which when compared to a fiddle, it has a relatively different style. The bow hair is placed in between the two strings and both sides of the bow hair are used to produce sound, the player pushes the bow away from the body when bowing the A string (the outside string), and pulls it inwards when bowing the "inside" D string. It performs classical Chinese dance, ethnic and folk dance, and story-based dance, with orchestral accompaniment and solo performers. Liu Mingyuan (刘明源; 1931–1996) was born in Tianjin. Although there are two strings, they are very close to each other and the player's left hand in effect plays as if on one string. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 20 août 2020 à 22:27. Le Erhu, ou « violon chinois », a été inventé il y a plus de mille ans. Specifically, he has said in the podcast Song Exploder that along with the Zhonghu, he used the Erhu in The Legend of Korra's series finale music. As one of the most popular Chinese string instruments the two-stringed vertical fiddle has a long history of more than 1,000 years. While most of the instrument is built from wood, like the violin, the wood is not where the 'bridge' is put on. Sun Huang 孙凰 has recently recorded a difficult classical violin piece, played by her on the Erhu. For 5,000 years, divine culture flourished in the land of China. Most solo works are commonly performed with yangqin accompaniment, although pieces such as the ten solos by Liu Tianhua and Er Quan Ying Yue(Two Springs Reflecting the Moon) originally did not have accompaniment. The use of the Erhu as a solo instrument began in the early 20th century along with the development of guoyue (literally "national music"), a modernized form of Chinese traditional music written or adapted for the professional concert stage. Two strings are attached from the pegs to the base, and a small loop of string (Qian Jin) placed around the neck and strings acting as a nut pulls the strings towards the skin, holding a minute wooden bridge in place. Despite its simple construction, the erhu is extraordinarily expressive. It is an alto instrument with a middle-high range that delivers notes both tender and sonorous. Shortly before his death in 1950, two Chinese musicologists recorded him playing a few Erhu and Pipa solo pieces, the best-known being Erquan Yingyue. In 1988 China passed its Law on the Protection of Endangered Species after ratifying the UN Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES), making it illegal to use and trade unlicensed pythons. She was a national Erhu champion, frequently recorded for the Chinese film and record industry, and is listed in famous persons of China. For most of history, the erhu was mostly a folk instrument used in southern China, whereas the sihu was preferred among northern musicians. ". Il existe d'ailleurs des instruments mongols très proches, comme le morin khuur (en chinois, 马头琴 / 馬头琴, mǎtóu qín), l'igil. Famous Erhu Works Its body is usually made of red sandalwood or rosewood, its bow is strung with horsetail hair. One major change was the use of steel strings instead of silk.
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